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The good, the bad, and the terrifying.

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Ex Machina is a 2014 science fiction psychological thriller film. Credits: Wallpaper Flare

Artificial intelligence will be the defining technology of the future.

But as AI becomes more intelligent, the more and more we depend on it. The threat presented by out-of-control AI becomes more serious.

The risks and downsides of new technologies are far too often left unexplored, as scientists and engineers fixate on their feverish quest to realize the utopias of the future.

The question of how to control AI and mitigate its more disastrous consequences is the biggest question facing humanity today, and it’s precisely this question we’ll explore.

Here are some of the lessons I learned from ‘Human Compatible’ by Stuart Russell. …


This can help your brain’s neural pathways grow.

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Photo by Hipcravo on Unsplash

High levels of stress can make us sick, sometimes evolving into full-blown panic or anxiety attacks.

But not all stress is actually harmful.

Experiencing moderate amounts of stress can actually help your brain’s neural pathways grow. This occurs when we engage in something new and challenging.

Such activities stimulate the brain more than usual, and in turn improve the brain’s overall functioning.

Importantly, good stress also promotes longevity.

The best way to cultivate good stress in your life is to move beyond your comfort zone.

How to Push Your Comfort Zone

  1. Think about which activities are within your comfort zone; these are the things you are absolutely comfortable doing, such as reading articles online. …


When you’re feeling low, take just three minutes to sit quietly with your feelings.

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Photo by Joe Caione on Unsplash

When we feel our negative emotions churn up, we want to control them, bring them back down and make them go away. But, this is the wrong approach.

We need to be aware of them, and allow them to flow naturally through us. However, we cannot allow them to define us.

Imagine a fish tank with a layer of mud at the bottom

If you agitate the water, the mud churns up and swirls around. To get the mud to settle you need to leave it alone, the mud will settle back on the bottom where it belongs all on its own.

Negative emotions are the mud in your mind. They can be labelled as anger, disappointment, jealousy, and hatred. …


Predicted critical illness and mortality up to 10 days prior to onset using admission information.

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Despite valiant efforts by governments around the world, according to WHO as of today, there are around 53M COVID-19 cases and 1.3M deaths. Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay

The problem

Due to the rapid spread of the virus, there has been a sharp increase in the demand for medical resources required to support infected people. Despite valiant efforts by governments around the world, according to WHO as of today, there are around 53M COVID-19 cases and 1.3M deaths.

The pandemic has caused worldwide chaos in hospitals as they try to squeeze in more and more patients with limited staff, PPE (personal protective equipment), and bed allocations. Therefore, accurately identifying the likely course of a medical condition (prognosis) is essential to ease off the burden on healthcare systems.

The challenge

COVID-19 patients display a wide range of symptoms from none at all to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome or death. This makes it difficult for providers to be certain of what treatment to prescribe for patients. …


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Photo by Jeremy Ricketts on Unsplash

As reported by Dr. Karczmarski from The University of Hong Kong, the population number of these dolphins are plummeting at an overwhelming rate — so much so that the current population number will shrink by around 75% in just 50 years. That’s like losing 6 billion of our current population of humans in half a century.

Imagine if human beings started to die out at such a ridiculous rate?

These beautiful creatures have been swimming in our waters for hundreds of years and have dazzled thousands of visitors with their sheer beauty. …


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Photo by Science in HD on Unsplash

1. Isoelectric point (pI)/charge engineering

Generally, mAbs can be taken up into the cell by non-specific endocytosis and are then transferred to the endosome.

The mechanism of non-specific endocytosis is independent of the target antigen; therefore, although this mechanism contributes to the elimination of all mAbs, its contribution to total elimination differs between mAbs.

The uptake rate of macromolecules via endocytosis has been reported to be affected by charge/pI. In these reports, cationic molecules (high pI/positive charge) showed a higher uptake rate via endocytosis than anionic molecules (low pI/negative charge)When the pharmacokinetics was evaluated after intravenously injecting wild-type mice with 8 humanized IgG4 mAbs with different pI, a strong positive correlation between pI and clearance and a negative correlation between pI and half-life were observed. …


Exposure to microbes can boost your immune system

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Dogs can detect illnesses from our skin microbiome. Photo by Amy Treasure on Unsplash

Exposure to microbes boosts your immune system

Since the Industrial Revolution, we have been withdrawing from nature. Still, in August 2016, a study showed that early exposure to the microbial world outside our body could be great for our immune systems.

The study

Two groups of people in focus: the Amish and the Hutterites.

Both these communities are genetically similar, they live similar lives, and they haven’t changed much since the 18th century.

The key difference is that in the Hutterite community, children never help out their dad with the communal farm. …


Creating opportunities for bacteria-based energy-generating technologies

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Photo by Killian Eon from Pexels

Some bacteria that reside in your gut can generate electricity, according to a study published in the Nature Journal.

Electricity-producing bacteria aren’t a new discovery. These bacteria can be found in places such as the bottom of lakes. However, scientists had no idea that bacteria which could be found in decaying plants or in mammals could also generate electricity. And that these land-dwelling bacteria do it in a much simpler manner than their neighbours from the bottom of the lakes.

Why do some bacteria generate electricity?

Listeria monocytogenes is the species of pathogenic bacteria that causes the infection listeriosis.

According to Ramaswamy (2007), Listeria monocytogenes can survive in the presence or absence of oxygen. It can grow and reproduce inside the host’s cells and is one of the most virulent foodborne pathogens with 1 out of 5 foodborne listeriosis infections in high-risk individuals may be fatal. …


DNA is a cookbook. It has every recipe you need to make you, you.

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Image by Elias Sch. from Pixabay

Genetics is the study of heredity, or how traits are passed on from one generation to the next.

This occurred when you inherited your genes from your parents, and will occur when you pass your genes down to the next generation.

The molecule of all living organisms, including us, that we use to pass on our genetic information is called DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid.

DNA is the universal language of genetics. …

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